Primary Author

  • Grist G. Oxygen or Nitrogen: Which is the lesser of Two Evils? Letter to the Editor. J Extra Corpor Technol, Mar, 2013;45(1):61-3
  • Grist G, Whittaker C, Merrigan K, Fenton J, Worrall E, O’Brien J, Lofland G.  The Correlation Of Fluid Balance Changes On Cardiopulmonary Bypass To Mortality In Pediatric And Congenital Heart Surgery Patients. J Extra Corpor Technol, Dec, 2011;43(4):215–226
  • Grist G, Whittaker C, Merrigan K, Fenton J, Pallotto E, Molitor-Kirsch E, Ostlie D, O’Brien J, Lofland G. Identifying Neonatal and Pediatric Cardiac and Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Patients at Increased Mortality Risk. J Extra Corpor Technol. Sep 2010;42(3):183-190.
  • Grist G, Whittaker C, Merrigan K, Fenton J, Pallotto E, Lofland G. Defining the late implementation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) by identifying increased mortality risk using specific physiologic cut-points in neonatal and pediatric respiratory patients. J Extra Corpor Technol. Dec 2009;41(4):213-219.
  • Grist G. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR): A critical life or death choice. Progress in Pediatric Cardiology; 2008 January; 24(2):113-116.
  • Grist G. Gaseous Microemboli and Hyperoxia. JECT 2006 ; 38(4):367-369.
  • Grist G. The Viability Index: A survival score for perfusion patients (Guest article). Canadian
  • Perfusion Canadienne, 2006 September; 16(3): 115-124. (Reprinted with permission in Progress in Pediatric Cardiology, 2008 January; 24(2):101-111)
  • Grist G. Oxygen Pressure Field Theory: A detailed description of vital gas exchange at the capillary level for perfusionists (Guest article). Canadian Perfusion Canadienne, 2006 June; 16(2):65-71. (Reprinted with permission in Progress in Pediatric Cardiology, 2008 January; 24(2):89-99)
  • Grist G, Book review: Strategies For Optimization Of Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Bypass by Dr. Filip De Somer, Published by Shaker Publishing BV, The Netherlands. JECT 2004 ;36(2):202-203.
  • Grist G, Thomas D. Blood anion gaps and venoarterial carbon dioxide gradients as risk factors in long-term extracorporeal support. JECT 1997 ;29:6-10.
  • Grist G. Oxygen Pressure Field Theory: A Primer For Perfusionists. Part 2. Canadian Perfusion Canadienne. 1996 September; 9(1):21-25.
  • Grist G. Oxygen Pressure Field Theory: A Primer For Perfusionists. Part 1. Canadian Perfusion Canadienne. 1996 June; 8(4):19-24.
  • Grist G, Meiling G. Oxygen Pressure Field Theory, The Krogh Cylinder and Long-Term Extracorporeal Perfusion: An Old Concept Provides New Insight. JECT 1993;25:151-160.
  • Grist G, Kangas B, Haney B, Thibeault D, Ashcraft K. Assessment of alveolar function in neonates on ECMO using the measurement of net CO2 transfer by the artificial lung. Proceeding of The American Academy of Cardiovascular Perfusion. 1989;10:77-82.


  • Whittaker C, Grist G, Bert A, Brasky K, Neighbors S, McFall C, Hilbert SL, Drake WB, Cromwell M, Mueller B, Lofland G, Hopkins RA. Pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass adaptations for long-term survival of baboons undergoing pulmonary artery replacement. J Extra Corpor Technol. Sep 2010;42(3):223-231.
  • St. Peter S, Tsao K, Whittaker C, Schow A, Grist G. Emergent cardiopulmonary support circuit to allow tracheo-bronchial foreign body removal. Progress in Pediatric Cardiology, 2008 January;24(2):127-129.
  • Whittaker C. Grist G. The theoretical prediction of safe deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) time using estimated tissue oxygen loading. Progress in Pediatric Cardiology, 2008 January; 24(2):117-122.
  • Pearl JM, Thomas DW, Grist G, Duffy JY, Manning PB. Hyperoxia for management of acid-base status during deep hypothermia with circulatory arrest. Ann Thorac Surg 2000 Sep; 70(3):751-5.
  • O’Connor TA, Haney BM, Shaffer SG, Grist GE. Cephalic jugular venous blood gas measurement during neonatal venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. J AmSECT 1993;24:113-115.
  • O’Connor TA, Haney BM, Grist GE, Egelhoff JC, Snyder CL, Ashcraft KW. Decreased incidence of intracranial hemorrhage using cephalic jugular venous drainage during neonatal extracorporeal oxygenation. J Ped Surg. 28(10):1332-5, 1993 Oct.

Perfusion Theory is an educational platform for the Oxygen Pressure Field Theory (OPFT). August Krogh’s theoretical concept of the oxygen pressure field is explained and then applied to clinical applications in perfusion practice.

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